Photo of Sarah Ritter

Sarah Ritter

Associate Teaching Professor


  • School of Engineering Design, Technology and Professional Programs
  • Engineering Design
  • Humanitarian Engineering and Social Entrepreneurship

213 Hammond Building


Research Areas:

Engineering Design; Humanitarian Engineering and Social Entrepreneurship




  • BS, Biomedical Engineering, Louisiana Tech University, 2008
  • Ph D, Biomedical Engineering, Texas A&M University, 2014


Book, Chapters

  • Sarah C. Ritter and Dustin W. Ritter, 2015, Overview of Formal Degree Programs, Khanjan Mehta, pp. 66-68

Journal Articles

  • Xuan Zheng, Sarah Ritter and Scarlett Rae Miller, 2018, "How Concept Selection Tools Impact the Development of Creative Ideas in Engineering Design Education", Journal of Mechanical Design, 140, (5)
  • Meg Handley, Sarah Ritter and Dean Lang, 2018, "Design Your Future: Embedding Leadership and Career Development Into a First-Year Design Course", International Journal of Engineering Education, 34, (2(B)), pp. 632-643
  • R Majithia, Sarah Ritter and K E Meissner, 2014, "Heterogeneous nucleation for synthesis of sub-20nm ZnO nanopods and their application to optical humidity sensing.", Analytica Chimica Acta, 812, pp. 206-14
  • M A Milanick, Sarah Ritter and K Meissner, 2011, "Engineering erythrocytes to be erythrosensors: first steps.", Blood Cells, Molecules & Diseases, 47, (2), pp. 100-6
  • Sarah Ritter, M A Milanick and K E Meissner, 2011, "Encapsulation of FITC to monitor extracellular pH: a step towards the development of red blood cells as circulating blood analyte biosensors.", Biomedical Optics Express, 2, (7), pp. 2012-21

Conference Proceedings

  • Scarlett Rae Miller, Jacqueline Marhefka, Katie Heininger, Kathryn W Jablokow, Susan Mohammed and Sarah Ritter, 2019, "The Trajectory Of Psychological Safety In Engineering Teams: A Longitudinal Exploration In Engineering Design Education"
  • Jessica Menold, Catherine Berdanier, Sarah Ritter, Meredith Handley, Elizabeth Starkey, Margaret Byron, Caitlin Grady, Scarlett Rae Miller and Matthew B Parkinson, 2019, "BUILDing a community of female makers through hands-on experiences in a university MakerSpace"
  • Gabrielle Gundermann, Shweta Sen, Sarah Ritter and Khanjan Mehta, 2016, "Stamping: a low-cost manufacturing method to deposit assays", pp. 605-612
  • Nathan Arnett, Alice Vergani, Amanda Winkler, Sarah Ritter and Khanjan Mehta, 2016, "Inexpensive Urinalysis Test Strips to Screen for Diabetes in Developing Countries", pp. 589-596
  • Emma Hebert, Spencer McCullough, William Ferguson, Margaret Chan, Arsen Drobakha, Sarah Ritter and Khanjan Mehta, 2016, "mBody Health: Digitizing Disabilities in Sierra Leone", pp. 717-724
  • Rebecca Ligrani, Irena Gorski, Sarah Ritter and Khanjan Mehta, 2016, "PubHub: A Web-Based Compendium to Catalyze Undergraduate Research Publication", pp. 1-8
  • Martin Marino, Shaan Pattni, Max Greenberg, Alex Miller, Emma Hocker, Sarah Ritter and Khanjan Mehta, 2015, "Access to prosthetic devices in developing countries: Pathways and challenges", pp. 45–51
  • Brienna Phillips, Gabrielle Zingalis, Sarah Ritter and Khanjan Mehta, 2015, "A review of current upper-limb prostheses for resource constrained settings", pp. 52–58
  • Michael King, Brienna Phillips, Marc Shively, Venkatesh Raman, Aaron Fleishman, Sarah Ritter and Khanjan Mehta, 2015, "Optimization of prosthetic hand manufacturing", pp. 59–65
  • Corinne Dally, Daniel Johnson, Moriah Canon, Sarah Ritter and Khanjan Mehta, 2015, "Characteristics of a 3D-printed prosthetic hand for use in developing countries", pp. 66–70
  • Sarah Ritter, Xiaole Shao, Nicholas Cooley, Mark A. Milanick, Timothy E. Glass and Kenith E. Meissner, 2014, "Blood analyte sensing using fluorescent dye-loaded red blood cells", Optical Diagnostics and Sensing XIV: Toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics, Proc. SPIE 8951
  • Lopez, Sandra C. Bustamante, Sarah Ritter and Kenith E. Meissner, 2014, "Developing strategies to enhance loading efficiency of erythrosensors", Optical Diagnostics and Sensing XIV: Toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics, Proc. SPIE 8951
  • Sarah Ritter and Kenith E. Meissner, 2012, "Loading of red blood cells with an analyte-sensitive dye for development of a long-term monitoring technique", Optical Diagnostics and Sensing XII: Toward Point-of-Care Diagnostics; and Design and Performance Validation of Phantoms Used in Conjunction with Optical Measurement of Tissue IV, Proc. SPIE 8229
  • Nicholas A. Meisel, Christopher McComb, Jessica Menold and Sarah Ritter, , "Creation and Implementation of a Project Framework to Improve Cornerstone Engineering Design"
  • Nicholas A. Meisel and Sarah Ritter, , "A Flexible, Portable Making Solution to Enable Hands-On Learning with Additive Manufacturing in Cornerstone Engineering Design"
  • Sarah Ritter and Sven G Bilen, , "EDSGN 100: A cornerstone engineering design course"
  • Dorcas Kaweesa, Christopher McComb, Jessica Menold, Sarah Ritter and Nicholas A. Meisel, , "Evaluating Idea Quantity and Variety When Using Digital Collaboration Tools to Support Brainstorming in Non-Collocated Teams"


  • Sarah Ritter and Susan Beyerle, , "Sketching, Building & 3D Printing: Implementation of a Non-Discipline Specific Making Activity in a First-Year Engineering Design Course"

Research Projects

Honors and Awards


Service to Penn State:

Service to External Organizations:




The School of Engineering Design, Technology, and Professional Programs (SEDTAPP) delivers effective engineering education and unrivaled research opportunities through active, collaborative, project-based, and professionally oriented classroom experiences. SEDTAPP offers a variety of programs that partner faculty, students, and industry in the study of real-life engineering problems. Our programs teach students to solve real-life problems with innovative solutions. 

School of Engineering Design, Technology, and Professional Programs

213 Hammond Building

The Pennsylvania State University

University Park, PA 16802

Phone: 814-865-2952